Fragile firmness of Evo Morales
Golpe de Estado en Bolivia: La tiniebla encendida (3)
Evo Morales’ firmness was more fragile than many thought. Otherwise, how could the coup d’état against his government be understood? It was a coup engineered by violent and powerful internal and external forces.
Fragile firmness of Evo Morales and your Government was confirmed by the way in which a minority of the country’s ultra-right wing carried out the coup d’état against him. A legitimate president, supported by the majorities of the country, is forced to resign by a military institutionality placed at the service of an anti-constitutional and fascist force. A process of economic transformation, social inclusion and the construction of a new country is ruined in a matter of days. Undoubtedly, something failed in the safeguarding of the project: unexpected betrayal, overconfidence, inadvertent injustice?
There is no doubt that Evo and the Movement Towards Socialism (MAS) made strategic mistakes in keeping a well-earned government on its feet. It is easy to see the bulls from the sidelines, as well as to discourse about the events of the past, even if it is only a moment after they happened. But it is evident that the reaction was late, in different levels of the Government and in the collectives of protection of the process, in front of the fireball that rolled from the Second Ring, the Urubó of Santa Cruz, or from the south of La Paz.
A fatal delay, which cannot be explained only by an excess of self-confidence. Or because of expecting too much from the solidity of the framework erected during the fourteen years at the helm of the country’s destinies. Well, or because of trusting so much in the inertia of an even longer period of time, if we count the decades invested in the consolidation of the foundations.
Something had broken in the parallels so that the scaffolding buckled with the first blizzard. Several key connections must have been interrupted since the way to face a coup announced some time ago was not anticipated.
Those in need of validation are the coup perpetrators
What was it? The various causes of the debacle will come to light. It is better, however, that the energetic Bolivian indigenous, workers, miners and union structures, which this week woke up on the shore of the shipwreck, weigh them well before taking any leap into the void.
Let us hope that they do not become engrossed in the internal quarrels of the power they had and no longer have. And neither should they cling to the lifelines thrown by the calculating coup plotters in order to fragment their organizations.
Let it not be forgotten that now those in need of validation and thrust are those who arrogated to themselves a mandate that does not correspond to them. Moreover, with a representation that in quantitative terms has just evidenced their minority and that in qualitative terms is immoral and illegal.
It is undeniable that a leader or a party that continues for several periods at the head of a government suffers wear and tear, even if he is the winner of free elections, benefits the majorities and acts with cleanliness and prudence, even more so, with the powerful push of the dominant media against him and a persistent manipulation of public opinion.
The bad thing about Evo is that he was good
However, I do not believe that this is where we will find the nest of herons. The collapse has to do with the blows dealt to circles of capital too deeply rooted in the country’s economy and finances, national and transnational, resentful and intriguing, which could never be assimilated or integrated into an ecosystem with new priorities and different schemes of relationship and value. The meager political or economic progression of a social group, a sector of the economy or a territorial circumscription, unfailingly implies variations, alterations and cuts in another. Not necessarily by the application of differential schemes, of predilections or subtractions, but even of complements or common benefit.
The really bad thing about Evo was that his government has been good. Hence, breaking it was a priority. If the plotted coup had not overthrown him, the remaining devices would be in place. The U.S. government was already preparing a package of drastic economic and financial measures, similar to those suffered by Venezuela and Cuba. And those that will surely be applied in a few weeks to Mexico and, probably, to Argentina, once President Alberto Fernandez takes office.
In the context of continental upheaval, insubordinate governments are intolerable for the hegemonic powers. Insubordination from below is violence, insubordination from above is a demand for freedom.
Fragile Firmness of Evo
The media matrix set in motion by the Bolivian coup plotters and the mainstream press regarding the fact that Evo Morales resigned from the presidency has the same deceitful and repulsive nature of the theory put into circulation by the coup plotters in Chile. The military junta headed by Augusto Pinochet, 46 years ago, claimed with absolute brazenness that Salvador Allende had committed suicide.
Forced resignation from office is not called resignation. Nor is resignation in the face of the dilemma of having one’s family assassinated or one’s co-partisans riddled with bullets. As no one commits suicide with two shots fired with two different weapons. Or with a gun in his hand, for the first time, after his death.
Now you do have the constitutional power,” the senator who hours later would take his place, after President Morales had been forced to resign, told the traitor Kaliman, “according to Article 244 and Article 6, paragraphs E and G, of your Organic Law of the Armed Forces, to send your officers to the streets to collaborate with the police.
The Bolivian Constitution is categorical in establishing that the Armed Forces have the fundamental mission of “guaranteeing the stability of the legally constituted Government”. They only fulfilled this mission when there was no longer a legal government to preserve.
Another distorted interpretation of Article 244 of the Constitution, which nowhere speaks of the Armed Forces supporting the vandalism and intimidation actions of the Police. On the other hand, it is categorical when it establishes that the Armed Forces have the fundamental mission of “guaranteeing the stability of the legally constituted Government”. Which they only fulfilled when there was no longer a legal government to preserve.
Bibliotodo Noticias. (2019). Christian colonel of the armed forces publicly consecrates the Bolivian army for Jesus Christ. Nov. 12.
Center for Economic and Policy Research, CEPR. (2019). [Page no longer available online]
CIA. (2019). The World Factbook. Bolivia. 29 de octubre.
Political Constitution of the Plurinational State of Bolivia (2009). (In Spanish.). Artículo 244.
El Nuevo Herald. (2019). She is Jeanine Áñez, self-proclaimed president of Bolivia. November 12. (In Spanish). [Page no longer available online]
Informe21. (2019). Luis Camacho distances himself from Carlos Mesa in the crisis in Bolivia. (In Spanish). https://informe21.com/politica/luis-camacho-toma-distancia-de-carlos-mesa-en-la-crisis-en-bolivia 8 de noviembre. [Page no longer available online]
Labbe, Daniel. (2019). Forensic doctor who maintains that Allende did not commit suicide received important international distinctionl. (In Spanish). The citizen. August 7.
- Bolivia’s Burning Darkness: Resuming The Past.
- Biblias para un golpe de Estado.
- Fragile Firmness of Evo Morales.