Schism and cynicism in the war against Yemen
GUERRA CONTRA YEMEN - Parte 3
Weapons are sold unchecked in a business bidding in which many Western democracies and governments participate as death-promoting companies. Yemen awakens the greed of the Arab kingdom and its partners for its strategic location.
Third of six articles through which we try to shed some light on an atrocious conflict, silent and forgotten by the West.
Schism and cynicism in the war against Yemen is not a simple headline phrase. Yemen is a tribal, cultural, geographical schism, encouraged by the invaders. Also, we are faced with an evident rupture due to ambition and jealousy among the invaders themselves. The rifts between the monarchies of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are becoming increasingly evident.
- 1 Schism and cynicism in the war against Yemen
- 2 What is legal is also illegal
- 3 Weapons on demand
- 4 The business grows
- 5 The phony war on terror
- 6 Whys and wherefores
- 7 The key to trade
- 8 The Happy Arabia, the Fertile Arabia?
- 9 From the thuggish grandfather to the murderous grandson
- 10 Referencia
- 11 WAR AGAINST YEMEN
Schism and cynicism in the war against Yemen
Yemen’s internal war was stoked by the same abusive kingdoms and wretched states that later invaded the country. They would do so, in the height of their double-dealing, with the far-fetched idea of suffocating it. And, of course, of restoring (i.e., imposing) the democratic administration that would suit them.
Outside, more than inside, are the effective instigators of the fatality. That is a lot to say in a land of atavistic partitions. From without they were begotten and armed, to the north, center and south of the country, all kinds of gangs, Salafi militias and brigades (ACLED, 2019). They arranged them according to the relevant benefits and predilections. As is, they continue to do so.
Not to mention the terrorist groups (corporations), such as ISIL (Daesh, in Arabic) and Al-Qaeda. These extremists were created before and are still today financed by the invaders themselves. Terrorists have operated in Yemen as spearheads against enemies opposite, and, with regular frequency, against immediate partners.
Because this war has produced collisions in the Coalition, among the puppets, for spaces of territorial control, and among those who pull strings and cross hairs. Like the clashes in August between the separatists of the Southern Transitional Council, supported by the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and militiamen close to Hadi, backed by Saudi Arabia.
The avarices are staunch and do not even grudgingly tolerate hierarchies. The discrepancy was progressive and notorious. Until the Emiratis, regardless of Riyadh’s discomfort, withdrew a good number of their troops in the middle of the year.
What is legal is also illegal
The End User Certificate (EUC) remained in practice a ridiculous transcript. It is an agreement that prevents the transfer to third parties of the arms sold to a certain State,
Huge quantities of weapons are supplied under the restriction to Gulf states, in particular by the United States, the United Kingdom and France. In particular, of course, to Saudi Arabia and the UAE, and is used to supply militias on various sides.
Weapons of which the manufacturers know the details of the traffic and for which the respective governments do not ask questions. They are afraid that it will be known that they know the answer.
Careful calculations indicate the supply of some $3.5 billion to the UAE, one of the major centers of arms detour. The figure corresponds to sales of heavy conventional weapons, small arms and light weapons, and associated parts and ammunition.
Vast quantities of weapons, in violation of restrictions, are supplied to Gulf states, in particular by the United States, the United Kingdom and France. Especially, of course, Saudi Arabia and the UAE.
Weapons on demand
UK has sold five billion pounds sterling in arms to Saudi Arabia (War on Want, 2019). This detail makes the war in Yemen his war too. After all, the old trading relationship, active since 1960, has grown 500% since 2015. A link that is enough to buy the valuable silence in London.
However, when the Commons examine arms export controls, the Yemen conflict is not even on the agenda (The Guardian, 2019).
Spain has authorized sales exceeding two billion euros. This is made visible by the “shame counter”, set up by activists (Greenpeace, 2019). That of Spain is another kingdom feeder of arms and ammunition of the Arab kingdom and its coalition of lies.
UAE, between 2014 and 2018, was the seventh largest arms importer in the world. 64% of them came from the United States. During the same period, Saudi Arabia, became the top arms importer, with 67% being purchased from the United States. (Sipri, March 2019). In 2018, it was the third largest buyer, with an estimated $67 billion.
The business grows
Despite repeated denunciations and calls from international Human Rights organizations, the “legal” sale of weapons is not decreasing. Nor is illegal trafficking controlled.
France, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Germany, South Africa, Turkey, Spain, South Korea, the United Kingdom and the United States. South Korea, the United Kingdom and the United States, among others, continue to supply arms to the UAE.
“Only a small number of countries, such as the Netherlands, Norway, Denmark, Finland and Switzerland, stopped selling and transferring arms to Saudi Arabia, UAE and other coalition members” (Amnesty International, 2019).
The phony war on terror
In the war against Yemen, banned weapons of all kinds are bought and sold. The various Yemeni extremist factions carry them under their arms, or over their shoulders and in plain sight. There is an abundance of photographs on the web and videos on YouTube with war boasts. The weaponry abandoned, captured, destroyed, dumped or in use, legal (if that were possible) and smuggled, is of wide repertoire.
German (MG-3 and MG-4) and Belgian (Minimi Light) machine guns. Serbian rockets (Grad) and machine guns (Zaztava). British bombs (EDO MBM Technology Ltd.) and missiles; Austrian assault rifles (STEYR AUG); Jordanian-Russian rocket launchers (RPG-32). Swiss grenades (HG85); Singaporean mortar systems; Spanish frigates. U.S. cluster bombs and cruise missiles (Boeing’s classic Tomahawk and SLAM-ER). U.S. (DuPont MRAP) and U.S. (M1A2 Abrams), British, French, Finnish and South African armored vehicles and tanks.
Just a few examples. The list is long. In the research of Bulgarian journalist Dilyana Gaytandzhieva (2019), published in Arms Watch under the title: Serbian archives, there are concrete signs of this traffic coming from a single springboard, the Serbian one.
We found, for example, copies of the passports and IDs of the smugglers and the officials involved. They belong to the U.S. government, or to Saudi Arabia and UAE. There are also the sales lists with the lot numbers of the weapons, amounts and facsimile reproductions of the contracts. Another inventory to frame of the deception of the war against terrorism.
Whys and wherefores
Why the sowing of war? Why this despicable humanitarian occupation? Because Yemen, like all the poor countries of the world, is rich. Yemen has mountains and somewhat regular rainfall, and the soil is the wettest and greenest in the Arabian Peninsula.
But these virtues, of standing out in the midst of deserts, are denied even in its smallest possibilities because of, what an irony, its other major virtue: its privileged and strategic location.
Yemen has coasts on the Red Sea and the Arabian Sea. In their territories are the important ports of Aden, facing the gulf of the same name, and Al-Salif, Ras Isa and Salif, in the strategic city of Al-Hudaydah.
It owns the Asian shore of the tactical Bab al-Mandeb Strait, which connects the Red Sea with the Indian Ocean. Yemen is located next to the Horn of Africa. About 40% of the world’s maritime traffic passes through its seas, and a considerable part of the oil and liquefied gas leaving the Persian Gulf for Europe crosses it. Yemen may not be Paradise, but it is the gateway to it.
The key to trade
Never, not even in the times of glory, did the Yemenis produce the prodigious items of legends. However, they made all these goods their own, and with all of them they traded.
Pliny the Elder, in his Natural History (Book XII), spoke of them, related and described them. Chinese silks and porcelains, and cottons from Ceylon. Pearls from Oman; tortoise-shells from Malaysia. Gold, myrrh, ivory, ostrich feathers and oils from Africa. Incense from Abyssinia and Somalia; perfumes, indigo, pepper, diamonds and sapphires from India. Cinnamon from the Himalayas; wine, dates and slaves from the Persian Gulf. East and West converge at its coordinates.
Por los mares de Yemen transita cerca del 40% del tráfico marítimo mundial, y cruza una parte considerable del petróleo y del gas licuado que salen del golfo Pérsico hacia Europa. Puede que Yemen no sea el Paraíso, pero es la puerta hacia él.
Yemen was the heart of incense when the resinous substance stirred religious fervor. Priests, priestesses and gods claimed it in the innumerable altars and temples of the known world.
The Happy Arabia, the Fertile Arabia?
When embalming was the common habit in the vicinity, the axis of myrrh was in Yemen. The substance preserved the integrity and identity of the dead, and they departed for the afterlife filled with the balm, as described by Herodotus in The Nine Books of History (II, Euterpe).
And it was the center of the world coffee trade when coffee shops took over the distinguished European capitals, between the XV and XVIII centuries, while the budding liberals drank the aromatic infusion.
It is probable that Eudaimon Arabia, the fertile Arabia of the Greeks, was not one of the three regions into which the peninsula was divided (Arabia Petrea, to the north, and Arabia Deserta, in the center). We could accept, perhaps, that it was not the Happy Arabia of mythical riches envisioned by the Romans (and publicized for political purposes by Emperor Augustus and his grandson).
From the thuggish grandfather to the murderous grandson
But Yemen remains palatable to the domineering rampages of neighboring Al Saud. Just as it was almost a century ago, when Abdelaziz ben Abderrahman Al Saud, the founder of the present Kingdom, a detestable character and unbridled polygamist, invaded Yemeni territory in 1926.
That irruption of the miscreant grandfather Al Saud would lead to the usurpation of the tribal and culturally Yemeni jurisdictions of Asir and Najran (Treaty of Taif, 1934).
Bin Salman continues the tradition of the miscreant grandfather and tries to take it even further. He becomes a ruthless killer, but he achieves his goals in Yemen. The admirable resistance of the Yemeni people ruins the miscreant offspring’s desire for flight.
Schism and cynicism in the war against Yemen is not, then, the recent propensity of new invaders. It is the repeated obstinacy of the same old assailants and the same spoiled bloodthirsty house: that of the Al Saud of Arabia.
Gaytandzhieva, Dilyana. (2019). Serbian Archives. Islamic State weapons in Yemen traced back to US Government: Serbia files (part 1). Arms Watch. Disponible en: https://armswatch.com/islamic-state-weapons-in-yemen-traced-back-to-us-government-serbia-files-part-1/
WAR AGAINST YEMEN
Six articles reviewed. Original publication: November 3, 2019. International channel portal Hispantv.